June 2, 2022
Fasting means abstaining from food or drink for a prolonged period. People used to fast for religious reasons. Now many folks use the practice to improve their health or lose weight.
Modern approaches like intermittent fasting, for example, suggest you only eat during a specific time window, say between noon and 8 pm. Contrary to many diets, it's not so much about what you eat but that your body reaches a state where it starts burning fat instead of sugars. That only happens without food intake for many hours.
With digital fasting, you disconnect from the internet or particular sites and apps for stretches of time.
Just as food enters your body, all the information you consume through your screens goes into your brain. Overload your mind with data, and it feels bad, bloated, or both. The goal of digital fasting is to limit this information intake to find focus, peace of mind, and a sense of presence that's lost when you're always on your phone and computer.
Digital detoxing is the most well-known example of a digital fast. You essentially go cold turkey, meaning you swear off all connectivity and devices for at least days and often weeks or months.
Another example is the Internet Sabbath proposed by author William Powers in his book Hamlet's Blackberry, during which he and his family refrain from screens one day a week.
Besides digital detoxing and the Internet Sabbath, you can also apply the idea of intermittent fasting to apps, sites, and screens. You set a daily window during which you connect as you please, but you abstain from doing so outside those hours.
Choosing a suitable digital fast comes down to two questions:
A one-off, short digital detox is a great starting point if you're new to digital fasting. Make it 24 or 48 hours, perhaps a weekend, and see what it's like.
Consider a weekly fasting habit with an Internet Sabbath day when you've tried a short detox and enjoyed the experience. Aim to disconnect completely and stay away from screens. You can also try a lighter version by reducing screen time as much as possible and not checking into any messaging, email, and social media apps. Functions like Focus and Screen Time on iOS and Android's Digital Wellbeing are excellent aids for such a semi-Sabbath.
Intermittent digital fasting is usually a daily habit and so not an endeavor to take lightly. On this path, you strive to condense your connectivity to a small time window each day. You live the rest of your hours disconnected from the internet, or at least from needless distractions and notifications.
Here's how to hold a digital fast:
I've tried all these digital fasting approaches over the years. I'm currently especially into intermittent digital fasting for all my email, messaging, and social apps.
That practice gives me a clear daily goal: check those services as late as possible, and disconnect as early as I can. I'm not aiming for a specific number, just to maximize the number of fasted hours every day.
The intermittent approach also motivates me not to do an early morning or late night email or social media check. Doing so would break my fasting window and reduce the number of hours I can count.
I also loosely observe an Internet Sabbath. One day per weekend, I don't use my computer or check into any messaging or social services.
These practices take time to develop, and I've found they reinforce each other. When you track your daily digital fasting window, as in the chart above, the Sabbath shows as a spike around weekends and adds to your fasting hours.
In my experience, digital fasting delivers what it promises: more peace of mind, presence, and focus. At the same time, it's as challenging as everyone who has ever tried says it is. You shouldn't expect to turn it into a habit without failures. And you certainly need to find ways to prepare, monitor, and motivate yourself, just as with the food fasting variant.
Want more ideas for healthier digital nutrition? Check out The Digital Diet Plan, with five simple rules to observe for all your virtual consumption.